several things that can add to a parrot's security
and well being. A secure parrot, large or small,
will show it by their physical condition, mental
condition, and behavior towards you and others.
A Sense of
This determines a lot
on how your parrot behaves. Many people don't realize what goes through their
minds when they scream, call, bite, or pluck their feathers. Birds in the wild
generally do not bite unless provoked, they don't pull out their feathers, and
they only scream for short periods in the day to communicate with their
flock. The same applies to a normal, healthy pet bird.
A bird's sense of security derives from several
things, and are all equally important.
Nutritious food and
clean water. Bowls should be washed daily, and nutritious foods be
A large cage & the location of
the cage. Your bird needs a large main cage
to accommodate at least 3 bowls, several perches and toys. Some species like a birdie bed
for resting. The cage should have a grate to protect birds from stepping on their
and all cage papers must be changed at least once a day.
The ability to take showers often and receive exposure to
sunshine or indoor full spectrum lighting.
Like a human child, they need daily exercise, toys and activities to stimulate their
Nature provides them a routine, which includes
having 10-12 hours of dark, uninterrupted sleep every night and sunlight . Your schedule has to correspond with theirs, for this
to make sense.
One person birds don't exist naturally in the wild, except for the
humans who create and encourage it.
Birds by nature are flock animals. They feel safe around their flock and
they need to know who they are and where they stand, within their flock.
They need to spend time with their flock. This means spending a good amount of
time with them. An hour or so a day is not enough for a parrot's
security and well being. They need both direct and indirect attention, not
one or the other. Place playpens strategically around your house to keep them involved
in your life.
Your bird must know and perform step ups as soon as you can
teach them. Use the command always, even after they know what it means.
This command is very important in building the first human to parrot
bond. Always talk to them like you would a young child, slowly,
and use consistent words. Use the step up command to also reestablish
the hierarchy of the flock. More on the step-up command in the Training
Most parrots in the wild pair up with a mate. Just like humans, mates are needed by most, but not always
for everyone. Mates alone, are not enough for a bird to be fulfilled and happy. They need their flock, with or
without a mate. A bird that only has one person to bond with may
develop territorialism. If everyone treated you badly or ignored
you, except for one person, you'd be protective of that person to no
end. The bird might suffer a lack of self esteem too, not to mention
other psychological problems.
In the wild, the bird chooses its environment. They stay in environments
where they can be with their flock and feel safe. If a situation
calls for danger or chaos, they can fly away. As pet birds, they don't
have a whole lot of options in your home. It's important that you
provide them with the same secure and non-chaotic environment. Their
perches and cages should not be totally exposed to large
windows, busy areas or corners. Calm your children and other loud activities
around them. Give them the peace and quiet they need when they are
resting during the day and at night.
Love and Affection
A pet parrot needs love and affection, just like other pets and humans
do. They are birds and need what birds need, to be preened,
heads scratched, nuzzled and other things that birds do in nature. A bird is
not an ornament to look at.
This body position shows a bird in "alert mode". A bird with its
feathers held closely against its body feels either threatened,
startled, or nervous about something around it. Talk to your bird and
help it understand that everything is OK, or change
whatever's upsetting your bird to help him or her calm down. Do not allow
your bird to be in this position any longer than it has to.
Give them the crucial things they need, and you will
have a loving, trusting, and loyal companion for