Veterinary Abbreviations & Acronyms



The use of abbreviations and acronyms in medicine, including veterinary medicine, can make it very difficult to comprehend what is being heard or read. The following list may help you in your understanding.
Abbreviations Their Meanings
Ab antibody
ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
ACT activated clotting time
ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone
ad lib as much as desired
ag antigen
AGID agar gel immunodiffusion
AI artificial insemination
AIHA autoimmune hemolytic anemia
ALP alkaline phosphatase
ALT alanine aminotransferase (SGPT)
ant. anterior
AP anterior posterior
APTT activated partial thromboplastin time
AST aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT)
ATP adenosine triphosphate
AV atrioventricular
AZT azidothymidine
BAL dimercaprol
bid twice a day
BMR basal metabolic rate
BP blood pressure
BSP sulfobromophthalein
BUN blood urea nitrogen
BW body weight
C cervical vertebrae (C1-C7)
C degree Celsius (centigrade)
Ca calcium
cal calorie(s)
CAT computerized axial tomography
CAV canine adenovirus
cc cubic centimeter
CCV canine coronavirus
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDV canine distemper virus
CF cardiac failure,
complement fixation
CHF congestive heart failure
CHV canine herpes virus
CK creatine kinase
Cl chloride
cm centimeter(s)
CMI cell-mediated immunity
CNS central nervous system
CO2 carbon dioxide
CPK creatinine phosphokinase
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPV canine parvovirus
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
Cu copper
cu cubic
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration
DES diethylstilbestrol
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
DJD degenerative joint disease
dl deciliter(s)
DM diabetes mellitus
DMSO dimethyl sulfoxide
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DOCP desoxycorticosterone pivalate
dx diagnosis
ECG electrocardiogram
ECP estradiol cyprionate
EEG electroencephalogram
EFA essential fatty acids
eg for example
EIA enzyme immunoassay
EKG electrocardiogram
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EM electron microscopy
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EPG eggs per gram (of feces)
EPO erythropoietin
F degree Fahrenheit
FA fatty acid,
fluorescent antibody
FAD flea allergy dermatitis
FCP fragmented coronoid process
FCV feline calicivirus
FDA Food and Drug Administration
Fe iron
FeLV feline leukemia virus
FHV feline herpes virus
FIP feline infectious peritonitis
FIV feline immunodeficiency virus
FLUTD feline lower urinary tract disease
FOCMA feline oncovirus - associated cell membrane antigen
FRV feline rhinotracheitis virus
ft foot, feet
FUO fever of undetermined origin
FUS feline urologic syndrome (now termed feline lower urinary tract disease)
fx fracture
g gram(s)
gal gallon(s)
GDV gastric dilatation and volvulus
GH growth hormone
GI gastrointestinal
gm gram
gr grain(s)
H and E hematoxylin and eosin (stain)
HCL hydrochloride
HCT hematocrit
Hgb hemoglobin
HGE hemorrhagic gastroenteritis
HI hemagglutination inhibition
HOD hypertrophic osteodystrophy
HPF high-power field
hr hour(s)
I iodine
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
IC intracardiac
ICH infectious canine hepatitis
ID intradermal
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IDST intradermal skin test
ie that is
IFN interferon
Ig immunoglobulin (with class following: A, D, E, G, or M)
IHA indirect hemagglutination antibody
IM intramuscular(ly)
IN intranasal
in. inch(es)
inf. inferior, infection
IP intraperitoneal(ly)
IU international unit(s)
IV intravenous(ly)
IVD intervertebral disc
IVP intravenous pyelogram,
intravenous pyelography
K potassium
kcal kilocalorie(s)
KCS keratoconjunctivitis sicca
kg kilogram(s)
kVp kilovolt peak
L liter(s)
lat. lateral
lb pound(s)
LE lupus erythematosus
lg an large animal(s), ie, farm animals, horses
LPF low-power field
m meter(s)
M molar
MAOI monoamine oxidase inhibitor
Mcal megacalorie(s)
MCV mean corpuscular volume
ME metabolizable energy
med. medial,
mEq milliequivalent(s)
g microgram
Mg magnesium
mg milligram(s)
MIC minimum inhibitory concentration
min minute(s)
mL milliliter(s)
MLV modified live virus
mm millimeter(s)
Mn manganese
mo month(s)
mOsm milliosmole(s)
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
Na sodium
NAF no abnormalities found
ng nanogram(s)
nm nanometer(s)
NRC National Research Council
NSAIDS non-steroidal anti-inflammatories
O2 oxygen
OA osteoarthritis
OCD osteochondritis dissecans
OD right eye
OFA Orthopedic Foundation for Animals
OLM ocular larval migran
OS left eye
OTC over the counter
oz ounce(s)
P phosphorous
p/pp page/pages
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PCV packed cell volume
PDA patent ductus arteriosus
PE physical exam
pg picogram(s)
pH negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion activity (measure of the acidity of a solution)
plt platelet
PO per os, orally
post. posterior
ppb part(s) per billion
ppm part(s) per million
PRA progressive retinal atrophy
PRN as required
PT prothrombin time
pt pint(s)
PTH parathyroid hormone
q every
qid four times daily
q4h every 4 hours
qod every other day
qt quart(s)
r roentgen unit(s)
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RAST radioallergosorbent
RBC red blood cell(s)
RMSF Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
RNA ribonucleic acid
rx treatment, prescription
SC subcutaneous(ly)
Se selenium
sec second(s)
SGOT aspartate aminotransferase (ALT)
SGPT alanine aminotransferase
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
sm an small animal(s), ie, cats, dogs
sp/spp species (sing.)/species (pl.)
SPF specific pathogen free
sq square
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
subcut. subcutaneous(ly)
sup. superior
Sub Q subcutaneous(ly)
sx surgery
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxine
tbsp tablespoon(s)
TDN total digestible nutrients
tid three times daily
toxo toxoplasmosis
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
tsp teaspoon(s)
U unit(s)
UAP ununited anconeal process
USP United States Pharmacopeia
UTI urinary tract infection
VD ventral dorsal
viz namely
VLM visceral larval migran
VN virus neutralization
WB western blot
WBC white blood cell, white blood (cell) count
wk week(s)
wt weight
yr year(s)


STARescue, Inc.

Copyright 2004 [Southeast Texas Avian Rescue, Inc.]. All rights reserved. Revised: 12/10/11